Basketball Statistics Glossary
Abbrev. | Statistic | Definition |
2P% | 2-Point Field Goal Percentage | The percentage of 2-point field goals that a player or team makes.
Formula: 2PM/2PA |
2PA | 2-Point Field Goals Attempted | The number of 2-point field goals that a team or player attempts. |
2PM | 2-Point Field Goals Made | The number of 2-point field goals that a team or player makes. |
3P% | 3-Point Field Goal Percentage | The percentage of 3-point field goals that a team or player makes.
Formula: 3PM/3PA |
3PA | 3-Point Field Goals Attempted | The number of 3-point field goals that a team or player attempts. |
3PM | 3-Point Field Goals Made | The number of 3-point field goals that a team or player makes. |
3FREQ | 3-Point Frequency | The percentage of a team’s or player’s shots that are 3-point attempts.
Formula: 3PA/FGA |
A/TO | Assist/Turnover Ratio | The number of assists for a team or player compared to the number of turnovers committed.
Formula: AST/TO |
AST | Assists | The number of passes that lead directly to a made basket by a team or player. |
BP | Bench Points | The number of points contributed by players who come off the bench (non-starters) during a game. |
BLK | Blocked Shots | The number of blocks – a shot that is touched or deflected by a defensive player that alters the trajectory of the shot attempt – by a team or player. |
DEF EFF | Defensive Efficiency | The measure of a team’s defensive ability to prevent their opponents from scoring by calculating the number of points a team gives up per 100 possessions.
Formula: (Opp. PTS/POSS) x 100 |
DEF FTR | Defensive Free Throw Rate | The measure of how often a team allows their opponents to get to the foul line. It is the number of free throw attempts compared to the number of field goal attempts.
Formula: Opp. FTA/Opp. FGA |
DREB | Defensive Rebounds | The number of rebounds a team or player collects while on defense. |
DREB% | Defensive Rebound Percentage | The percentage of available rebounds that a team secures while on defense.
Formula: DREB / (DREB + OPP OREB) |
DEF TO% | Defensive Turnover Percentage | The percentage of possessions that result in a turnover while a team is on defense.
Formula: Opp. TO / Opp. POSS |
EFG% | Effective Field Goal Percentage | A shooting statistic that adjusts for the fact that a 3-point field goal is worth one more point than a 2-point field goal. For example, if Player A is 4/10 with two 3-pointers and Player B is 5/10 with zero 3-pointers, both players would have the same number of points (10). Thus, both players’ EFG% equals 50%.
Formula: FGM + (0.5 x 3PM) / FGA |
EFF +/- | Efficiency Margin | Also known as Net Efficiency, the difference between a team’s offensive and defensive efficiency.
Formula: OFF EFF – DEF EFF |
FB PTS | Fast Break Points | The number of points scored by a team or player while on fast breaks. |
FG% | Field Goal Percentage | The percentage of field goals that a team or player makes.
Formula: FGM / FGA |
FGA | Field Goals Attempted | The number of field goals that a team or player attempts. |
FGM | Field Goals Made | The number of field goals that a team or player makes. |
FT% | Free Throw Percentage | The percentage of free thow attempts that a team or player makes.
Formula: FTM / FTA |
FTA | Free Throws Attempted | The number of free throws that a team or player attempts. |
FTM | Free Throws Made | The number of free throws that a team or player makes. |
GP | Games Played | The number of games that a team or player has played. |
GS | Games Started | The number of games that a player has been in the starting lineup. |
MIN | Minutes | The number of minutes that a player or team has played in a game or collection of games. |
OFF AST% | Offensive Assist Percentage | The percentage of made field goals by a team as a result from an assist – a pass that leads directly to a made basket.
Formula: AST / FGM |
OFF EFF | Offensive Efficiency | The measure of a team’s offensive ability to score by calculating the number of points a team accumulates per 100 possessions.
Formula: (PTS/POSS) x 100 |
OFF FTR | Offensive Free Throw Rate | The measure of how often a team gets to the foul line. It is the number of free throw attempts compared to the number of field goal attempts.
Formula: FTA/FGA |
OREB | Offensive Rebounds | The number of rebounds a team or player collects while on offense. |
OREB% | Offensive Rebound Percentage | The percentage of available rebounds that a team secures while on offense.
Formula: OREB / (OREB + OPP DREB) |
OFF TO% | Offensive Turnover Percentage | The percentage of possessions that result in a turnover while a team is on offense.
Formula: TO / POSS |
PACE | Pace | The number of possessions for a team per 40 minutes (48 for NBA). |
PF | Personal Fouls | The number of fouls a team or player has committed. |
PTS | Points | The number of points a team or player has scored. |
PITP | Points in the Paint | The number of points a team or player has scored on shots taken in the paint area. |
PTS OFF TO | Points Off Turnovers | The number of points scored by a team following an opponent possession that results in a turnover. |
PTS/POSS | Points Per Possession | The number of points a team scores per possession.
Formula: PTS / POSS |
POSS | Possessions | The number of possessions – a sequence by the offense ending in a made field goal, made free throw, turnover, or defensive rebound – played by a team. Note: an offensive rebound does not create a new possession, it simply extends the current possession. |
REB +/- | Rebound Margin | The difference between a team’s total rebounds and their opponent’s total rebounds.
Formula: REB – Opp. REB |
REB% | Rebound Percentage | The percentage of available rebounds that a team secures.
Formula: REB / REB + Opp. REB |
REB | Rebounds | The number of times a team or player recovers the ball after a missed shot attempt. |
REB | Rebounds (Team) | The number of times a team gains possession of the ball after a missed shot that does not secured by an inbound player. |
PTS +/- | Scoring Margin | The point differential between a team and their opponent when a team, lineup, or player is on the floor.
Formula: PTS (Team) – PTS (Opp.) |
2ND PTS | Second Chance Points | The number of points that a team scores after they have attempted at least one shot during the same possession. |
STL | Steals | The number of times a team or player legally takes the ball away from an opponent, intercepts a pass, or otherwise gains possession following an opponent turnover (provided the ball remains in bounds and the clock has not stopped). |
TS% | True Shooting Percentage | A shooting percentage that factors in the value of 3-point field goals and free throws in addition to the total number of field goal attempts.
Formula: PTS / 2 x (FGA + (0.44 x FTA)) |
TO | Turnovers | The number of times a team or player loses possession of the ball without attempting a field goal or free throw (except at the end of a period). |
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